To appreciate the concept of Vastu Purush one must have the basic understanding of Vastu Purusha Mandala which is very crucial part of Vastu Shastra. Vastu Purusha Mandala is accurate and illustrative basis for designing any structure. It is also very basic architecture and all other figures are derived from this design. It is the abstract plan of any structure which broadly incorporates the coarsely bodies and mystical forces. Purusha stands for energy, power, celestial man. Mandala denotes any plan or chart representing universe.
According to Vedas the surface of the earth is represented as a sphere and not as a flat surface. However in context of the earth as a home or resident it is represented as four-cornered in reference to the horizon's relationship with sunrise and sunset, the North and South direction. It is called four cornered and represented in the form of the Prithvi Mandala.
Vastu Purush Mandala also helps in establishing the requirements of structural design with respect to various directions. Each direction has been allotted specific role. Entire body of Vastu Purush body is sanctified as he is the presiding holy being of any site whether big or small. He is depicted as lying on it with the head in the northeast and legs in the southwest but he keeps changing position throughout the year. Each part of his body has energies that help us in living a happy and peaceful life.
Energy originates from the center of any structure. There are various schools of thought which believe that it comes from the North East corner. But as a matter of fact it comes from the center of the structure i.e. also known as Brahmasthan. This energy is often known as subtle earth energy which meet subtle cosmic energy (Unified Field). It is known to meet in the center of the building which then spreads outward in all the directions of the structure. The coming together of these two energies results in forming of the five elements which then distribute in the four corner zones.
Brahma occupies the Central Portion – The Brahmasthana and other Gods have been around in a concentric pattern. There are 45 Gods in all including 32 outer deities.
The main directions of any structure along with their deities have been given below for your easy understanding of the same.
Centre – Ruled by Brahma the Creator of the Universe, North – Ruled by Kubera the Lord of Wealth, South – Ruled by Yama the Lord of Death, East – Ruled by Indra the Solar Deity, West – Ruled by Varuna the Lord of Water, Northeast – Ruled by Lord Shiva, Southeast – Ruled by Agni the Fire Deity, Northwest – Ruled by Lord of Winds, Southwest – Ruled by Ancestors.
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